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MOA-2009-BLG-387Lb
Extrasolar planet List of extrasolar planets
Parent star

<tr> <td colspan="2">Star</td> <td>MOA-2009-BLG-387L</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Constellation</td> <td>Sagittarius</td></tr><tr> <td>Right ascension</td> <td style="text-align: center">(α)</td> <td>17h 53m 51s</td></tr><tr> <td>Declination</td> <td style="text-align: center">(δ)</td> <td>−33° 59′ 25″</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2">Spectral type</td> <td>M[1]</td></tr><tr> <td>Mass</td> <td style="text-align: center">(m)</td> <td>0.19 +0.3
−0.12
[1] M</td></tr>

Orbital elements
Epoch J2000

<tr><td>Semimajor axis</td><td style="text-align: center">(a)</td> <td>1.8 +0.9
−0.7
[1] AU</td></tr><tr><td>Orbital period</td><td style="text-align: center">(P)</td> <td>1970 +2.2
−1.6
[1] d
(5.4 [2] y)</td></tr>

Physical characteristics

<tr><td>Mass</td><td style="text-align: center">(m)</td><td>2.6 +4.1
−1.6
[1] MJ</td></tr>

Discovery information

<tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery date</td> <td>Published February 21, 2011 [2]</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discoverer(s)</td> <td>Virginie Batista et al. [2]</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery method</td> <td>Gravitational microlensing</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery site</td> <td>SAAO/Perth/Canopus
AO/FCO/Wise/HO/SSO/LSO/ORM [2]</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery status</td> <td>Published [2]</td></tr>

MOA-2009-BLG-387Lb is a planet in the orbit of the red dwarf MOA-2009-BLG-387L. Its discovery was announced on February 21, 2011, making it the eleventh planet discovered using gravitational microlensing. The planet is thought to be over twice the mass of Jupiter and to have an orbit 80 percent larger than that of Earth's, lasting approximately 1,970 days. However, its exact characteristics are difficult to constrain because the characteristics of the host star are not well known.

DiscoveryEdit

MOA-2009-BLG-387 was a gravitational microlensing event detected by the Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics collaboration on July 24, 2009, which searches and documents chance and brief alignments of stars with other stars or objects; such alignments cause a gravitational lens effect, which bends light and causes distorted, but magnified, images that can be interpreted. The detection of two caustics were logged over the next few days by the South African Astronomical Observatory, the Perth Observatory, and the Canopus Hill Observatory in Tasmania, with a separation of about seven days between caustic events.[2]

On June 7, 2010, long after the microlensing event had subsided, the science teams studying the star used the NACO adaptive optics facility at the Very Large Telescope in Chile to determine the actual apparent magnitude of the star that microlensed its background star, hoping to compare it to the magnitude of the star measured during the microlensing event. A discrepancy was found, a discrepancy that may have been a result of either error or of a planetary body. Interpretation of follow-up observations led to the planet's confirmation. The ratio between the planet's mass and its host star's mass is well-constrained, but a large interval of uncertainty exists because the host star's mass is known within a large confidence interval that spans the mass of all red dwarf stars.[2]

The discovery of the planet MOA-2009-BLG-387Lb was published on February 21, 2011 in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics by the European Southern Observatory.[2]

CharacteristicsEdit

MOA-2009-BLG-387Lb is a gas giant, with an estimated mass 2.6 times that of Jupiter's and an estimated mean distance of 1.8 AU from its host star. It has an orbital period of approximately 1970 days.[1] Although the mass and mean distance of MOA-2009-BLG-387Lb is estimated, the confidence intervals are very large, indicating that there is a large uncertainty present. These uncertainties are largely due to how the exact parameters of the host star are not known.[2] The planet is the only one known to be in the orbit of the star MOA-2009-BLG-387L, which is an M-type dwarf star that has a mass that is approximately 0.19 times that of the Sun. The star is located at an estimated 5700 parsecs (18,591 light years) from the Earth.[1] The star is named for the Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics group, which saw the star as a gravitational microlensing event in 2009 and combed the data in hope of discovering a planet.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Jean Schneider (2011). Notes for star MOA-2009-BLG-387L. Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 (2011). MOA-2009-BLG-387Lb: A massive planet orbiting an M dwarf. Astronomy and Astrophysics 529.

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