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HD 8574 b
Extrasolar planet List of extrasolar planets
Parent star

<tr> <td colspan="2">Star</td> <td>HD 8574</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Constellation</td> <td>Pisces</td></tr><tr> <td>Right ascension</td> <td style="text-align: center">(α)</td> <td>01h 25m 12.52s[1]</td></tr><tr> <td>Declination</td> <td style="text-align: center">(δ)</td> <td>+28° 34′ 00.1″[1]</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2">Distance</td><td>145 ± 3[1] ly
(45 ± 1[1] pc)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2">Spectral type</td> <td>F8</td></tr>

Orbital elements

<tr><td>Semimajor axis</td><td style="text-align: center">(a)</td> <td>0.76 ± 0.04 AU</td></tr><tr> <td>Periastron</td> <td style="text-align: center">(q)</td> <td>0.48 AU</td></tr><tr> <td>Apastron</td> <td style="text-align: center">(Q)</td> <td>1.04 AU</td></tr><tr> <td>Eccentricity</td> <td style="text-align: center">(e)</td> <td>0.37 ± 0.082</td></tr><tr><td>Orbital period</td><td style="text-align: center">(P)</td> <td>225 ± 1.1 d
(0.616 y)</td></tr><tr> <td>Orbital speed</td> <td style="text-align: center">(υ)</td> <td>36.8 km/s</td></tr><tr> <td>Argument of
periastron
</td> <td style="text-align: center">(ω)</td> <td>2 ± 16°</td></tr><tr> <td>Time of periastron</td> <td style="text-align: center">(T0)</td> <td>2,451,475.6 ± 5.5 JD</td></tr><tr> <td>Semi-amplitude</td> <td style="text-align: center">(K)</td> <td>64.1 ± 5.5 m/s</td></tr>

Physical characteristics

<tr><td>Mass</td><td style="text-align: center">(m)</td><td>>1.96 ± 0.18 MJ
(>622 M)</td></tr>

Discovery information

<tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery date</td> <td>4 April 2001[2]</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discoverer(s)</td> <td>Perrier et al.</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery method</td> <td>doppler spectroscopy</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery site</td> <td>Haute-Provence Observatory
in France</td></tr><tr> <td colspan="2">Discovery status</td> <td>Published[3]</td></tr> <tr style="background-color: #A0B0FF;"><td align=center colspan=3>Database references</td></tr><tr valign=baseline><td colspan=2>Extrasolar Planets
Encyclopaedia
</td><td>data</td></tr><tr><td colspan=2>SIMBAD</td><td>data</td></tr>

HD 8574 b is an extrasolar planet discovered in 2001 by a team of European astronomers using Doppler spectroscopy as part of the ELODIE Planet Search Survey, and was published in a paper with five other planets. HD 8574 b is in the orbit of host star HD 8574. The planet is at most two times the mass of Jupiter, orbiting every 227 days at three quarters of the distance between the Earth and Sun. HD 8574 b has a very elliptical orbit, far more than that of Jupiter.

DiscoveryEdit

The ELODIE Planet Search Survey, undertaken using the ELODIE spectrograph at the Haute-Provence Observatory in southeastern France, was a large-scale search for extrasolar planets orbiting G-type and F-type dwarf stars visible from the Northern Hemisphere through use of the radial velocity method (the orbit of a planet tugs on its host star as it orbits, causing a perceived Doppler effect in the star's spectrum). This survey, which started in 1994, led to the discovery of 51 Pegasi b, the first extrasolar planet discovered in the orbit of a sunlike star. By 2003, the discovery of six new planets, including HD 8574 b, was announced, bringing ELODIE's planet discovery count to eighteen.[3]

HD 8574, one of the target stars of ELODIE, had been previously catalogued by the European Space Agency with the release of the Hipparcos catalogue in 1997. Most of HD 8574's characteristics were extracted from this catalogue for use in searching for a planet around HD 8574. The spectrum was then analyzed to see if HD 8574 were active, a factor that could mask or mimic the signal of an orbiting planet. It was found that the star was not significantly active.[3]

In the case of HD 8574, ELODIE obtained 41 radial velocity measurements, which had, at the time of the discovery paper, been collected since January 11, 1998. Analysis of the collected data confirmed the existence of a planet orbiting HD 8574. Of the six, the planet HD 8574 b had the shortest orbital period, orbiting its host star under three years (unlike the five other planets that had been discovered by ELODIE at the same time).[3]

HD 8574 b was announced by the European Southern Observatory on April 4, 2001.[2] The findings addressing HD 8574's discovery were published in 2003.[3]

Host starEdit

Main article: HD 8574

HD 8574 is an F-type dwarf star that lies 45 parsecs (145 light years) away from Earth. HD 8574 has an estimated mass of 1.17 times the mass of the Sun. The star also has a radius that is estimated at 1.37 times that of the Sun's. HD 8574 has an effective temperature of 6080 K, hotter than the Sun, and a metallicity estimated at [Fe/H] = 0.05 (12% more iron than in the Sun).[4] Additionally, with a luminosity of 2.25, HD 8574 releases more than twice the energy released by the Sun.[3]

The star has an apparent magnitude of 7.12, and is thus extremely faint (if visible at all) as seen from the unaided eye of an observer on Earth.[4][5]

CharacteristicsEdit

HD 8574 is a large planet that orbits its host star every 227.55 days at a distance of 0.77 AU, or 77% the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun.[4] HD 8574 b has, of the six planets announced in a November 2003 discovery paper, the shortest orbit.[3] The planet has an estimated mass of 2.11 times Jupiter's mass. HD 8574 b has a measured orbital eccentricity of 0.288, denoting an elliptical orbit.[4] Jupiter, in comparison, orbits the Sun with an orbital eccentricity of 0.016, which is far more circular.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 (2007). Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction. Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664. Vizier catalog entry
  2. 2.0 2.1 Script error
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 (2003). The ELODIE survey for northern extra-solar planets. I. Six new extra-solar planet candidates. Astronomy and Astrophysics 410 (3): 1039–1049.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Jean Schneider (2003). Notes on star HD 8574. Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  5. Stellar Magnitudes. Physics and Astronomy Department. University of Tennessee at Knoxville. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  6. Kepler Discoveries. Ames Research Center. NASA (2011). Retrieved 9 June 2011.

External links Edit

Coordinates: Sky map 01h 25m 12.5168s, +28° 34′ 00.096″

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